Tuesday, December 20, 2011

Alasan Vocabulary Sulit Dipelajari

Posting singkat semoga padat dan bermanfaat: Bagi yang sedang mempelajari Bahasa Asing, salah satunya Bahasa Inggris, vocabulary adalah salah satu elemen penting yang harus dipelajari. 

Karena hakikatnya, pengetahuan bahasa tanpa pemahaman vocabulary yang cukup sama saja tak pernah mempelajari apa-apa (baca:Pentingnya mempelajari vocabulary). 

Kata, frase, kalimat, dan semua teks dalam Grammar, writing, reading, speaking, listening dan skills bahasa lainnya semua pasti ada vocabulary didalamnya. 

Namun begitu, mempelajari kosakata bahasa Inggris juga ternyata tidak mudah, ada saja beberapa hal yang membuat vocabulary sulit dipelajari. Berikut saya kutipkan pendapat Thornbury (2002:27-28) tentang beberapa hal yang membuat vocabulary sulit dipelajari:

a.  Pronunciation

Research shows that words that are difficult to pronounce are more difficult to learn. Potentially  difficult words will typically be those that contain sounds that are unfamiliar to some group of learners. 

b.  Spelling

Sound-spelling mismatches are likely to be the cause of errors, either of pronunciation or of spelling, and can contribute to a word’s difficulty.

c.  Length and complexity

Long words seem to be no more difficult to learn than short ones. But as a rule of thumb, high frequency words tend to be short in English, and therefore the learner is likely to meet them more often, a factor favoring their ‘learnability’.

d.  Grammar

Also problematic is the grammar associated with the word, especially if this differs from that of its L1 equivalent.

e.  Meaning

When two words overlap in meaning, learners are likely to confuse them.

f.   Range, connotation and idiomaticity

Words that can be used in a wide range of contexts will generally be perceived as easier than their synonyms with a narrower range. Words that have style constraints, such as very informal words may cause problems. Finally, words or expressions that are idiomatic will generally more difficult than words whose meaning is transparent.

Mungkin cukup segitu aja karena saya kan sudah bilang posting ini singkat, semoga padat dan bermanfaat, dan maaf kali ini belum bisa diterjemahkan (pura-pura males padahal ga bisa hehe). Semoga dengan mengetahui hal-hal yang membuat vocabulary sulit dipelajari tadi, kita bisa sama-sama meningkatkan kemampuan vocabulary bahasa kita masing-masing, ups ngawur, maksudnya bahasa yang sedang kita pelajari agar lebih mudah memahaminya.

Referensi

Thornbury, Scott. (2002). How to Teach Vocabulary. Pearson Education Limited.

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